The Indian government has revoked the special status accorded to Indian-administered Kashmir in its constitution, the most far-reaching political move on the disputed region in nearly 70 years.
A presidential decree issued on August 5 revoked Article 370 of India’s constitution that guaranteed special rights to the Muslim-majority state, including the right to its own constitution and autonomy to make laws on all matters except defence, communications and foreign affairs.
In the lead-up to the move, India sent thousands of additional troops to the disputed region, imposed a crippling curfew, shut down telecommunications and internet, and arrested political leaders.
The move has worsened the already-heightened tensions with neighbouring Pakistan, which said it would downgrade its diplomatic relations with India.
Both India and Pakistan claim Kashmir in full but rule it in part. The nuclear-armed neighbours have fought two of their three wars over the disputed territory. A rebellion in Indian-administered Kashmir has been ongoing for three decades.
Here are the latest updates:
Tuesday, August 20
Pakistan to take Kashmir dispute with India to World Court
Pakistan said it would take the Kashmir dispute with India to the International Court of Justice, after New Delhi revoked special status for its portion of the region earlier this month.
“We have decided to take Kashmir case to the International Court of Justice,” Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi told ARY News TV.
“The decision was taken after considering all legal aspects.”
Kashmir tensions: ‘War is not a solution’
As the tough political talk on Kashmir has a direct effect on the lives of millions of people on both sides of the Line of Control, Al Jazeera talks to three key figures on the Pakistani side and asks: Will Pakistan be able to neutralise the Indian move; can diplomacy diffuse tensions; and will other powers like China get involved, and if so, what could this mean for Kashmiris?
Watch the full episode here.
Authorities make more arrests to deter protests
Security forces have detained 30 people overnight in Srinagar, local officials said, amid frequent demonstrations in the city despite a severe clampdown on phone and internet services, a ban on public gatherings and detentions of hundreds of political leaders and separatists.
“These arrests have been made in the areas where there has been intensifying stone pelting in the last few days,” a police officer said, speaking on condition of anonymity. A local government official confirmed the latest detentions, Reuters news agency reported.
Government sources have told AFP news agency at least 4,000 people have been arrested in Indian-administered Kashmir since August 5, with some of them moved out of the disputed region as jails run out of capacity.
Besieged Srinagar neighbourhood in test of wills with forces
For more than a week, the young men of Soura, a densely populated enclave in Indian-administered Kashmir’s main city of Srinagar, have been taking turns to maintain an around-the-clock vigil at the entry points to their neighborhood.
Soura, home to about 15,000 people, is becoming the epicenter of resistance to India’s plans to remove the partial autonomy that was enjoyed by Muslim-majority Jammu and Kashmir state.
The enclave has effectively become a no-go zone for the Indian security forces.
Read the full story here.
Monday, August 19
Trump talks Kashmir with India, Pakistan PMs
US President Donald Trump spoke with the prime ministers of India and Pakistan, urging them to reduce tensions over the disputed region of Kashmir.
“Spoke to my two good friends, Prime Minister [Narendra] Modi of India, and Prime Minister [Imran] Khan of Pakistan, regarding Trade, Strategic Partnerships and, most importantly, for India and Pakistan to work towards reducing tensions in Kashmir,” Trump tweeted.
“A tough situation, but good conversations!” the president wrote.
As schools reopen in Kashmir, students mostly stay home
Main government offices and a few schools in Indian-administered Kashmir have reopened after two weeks of a clampdown in the disputed region.
Nearly 200 primary schools were ordered by the authorities to reopen in certain areas. However, attendance in schools remained scant, as many parents decided against sending their children amid heightened tensions in the state.
Read the full story here.
Pakistan army chief’s tenure to be extended by three years
Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan extended his military chief’s term by another three years, an official statementreleased by his office said. The decision comes amid the ongoing crisis in Kashmir, which has seen tensions escalate between India and Pakistan.
“General Qamar Javed Bajwa is appointed as Chief of Army staff for another term of three years from date of completion of current tenure,” read the statement.
“The decision has been taken in view of the regional security environment.”
He was first appointed as army chief in November 2016 by the then Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif for a three-year term.
Schools deserted as parents fear more unrest
Some 190 primary schools reopened in Indian-administered Kashmir’s main city of Srinagar, but most classrooms were empty as parents kept their children home.
Parents said their children would stay home until cellular phone networks were restored and they could be in contact with them.
Pakistan says Indian fire kills 2 civilians in Kashmir
Pakistan said Indian troops have fired across the Line of Control (LoC) in the disputed Kashmir region, killing two civilians and wounding another.
Pakistan’s foreign ministry said in a statement that civilian casualties occurred on Sunday because of “unprovoked ceasefire violations” by India in the border villages of Hot Spring and Chirikot.
The ministry said Pakistan summoned an Indian diplomat and lodged a protest over continued ceasefire violations, which “are a threat to regional peace”.
Sunday, August 18
India reimposes some curbs on movement, phones
Indian authorities have reimposed restrictions on movement in major parts of Srinagar after violent overnight clashes between residents and police in which dozens were injured, officials and witnesses said.
Two senior government officials told Reuters news agency that at least two dozen people were admitted to hospitals with pellet injuries.
They also reversed a decision to allow internet and mobile phone use in parts of the Jammu region, according to one official, amid concerns about the spread of rumours online.
4,000 arrested since autonomy stripped: Gov’t sources
A magistrate speaking to AFP news agency on condition of anonymity said at least 4,000 people were arrested in Indian-administered Kashmir and held under the Public Safety Act (PSA), a controversial law that allows authorities to imprison someone for up to two years without charge or trial.
“Most of them were flown out of Kashmir because prisons here have run out of capacity,” the magistrate said, adding that he had used a satellite phone allocated to him to collate the figures from colleagues across the Himalayan territory amid a communications blackout imposed by authorities.
Fascists control India’s nuclear arsenal: Pakistan
Pakistan’s Prime Minister Imran Khan has urged the international community to take steps to secure India’s nuclear arsenal after New Delhi hinted a shift in its “no first use” policy.
“The World must also seriously consider the safety & security of India’s nuclear arsenal in the control of the fascist, racist Hindu Supremacist Modi Govt. This is an issue that impacts not just the region but the world,” he said in a tweet.
India’s Defence Minister Rajnath Singh on Friday said while India had strictly adhered to the nuclear weapons doctrine of “no first use” policy, what would happen in the future will depend on circumstances.
Already 4m Indian Muslims face detention camps & cancellation of citizenship. World must take note as this genie is out of the bottle & the doctrine of hate & genocide, with RSS goons on the rampage, will spread unless the international community acts now to stop it.
— Imran Khan (@ImranKhanPTI) August 18, 2019
Saturday, August 17
Kashmir’s key political leaders arrested since August 5
Indian authorities have carried out a major crackdown against political leaders in Indian-administered Kashmir and arrested high-profile figures that include three former chief ministers of the Muslim-majority state.
The arrests coincided with the abrogation of the decades-old Article 370 of the Indian constitution that protected the demography of Jammu and Kashmir state and provided it with limited autonomy.
Read the full story here.
Heavy fire reported near LoC between India and Pakistan
Gunfire has been exchanged across the heavily-militarised Line of Control (LoC) between Indian-administered and Pakistan-administered Kashmir.
The incident took place in Nowshera town of the Rajouri district in the state of Jammu and Kashmir.
Indian defence spokesman Colonel Aman Anand said that one soldier was killed allegedly by Pakistan forces. Pakistan has yet to comment on this latest development.
Pakistan announces Kashmir desk at foreign ministry, embassies
Pakistani Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi has said the country was establishing a Kashmir desk at the ministry and at its embassies in foreign capitals.
He said this was decided to “lobby for Kashmiris and their right to self-determination” and “in order to carry out effective communication on the matter”.
Khan welcomes first UN session on Kashmir in decades
Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan welcomed the UN Security Council meeting that was held in New York on Friday.
He hailed the session as a “reaffirmation” of 11 previous UNSC resolutions on Kashmir, that gaurantees Kashmiris the right to self-determination.
I welcome the UNSC meeting to discuss the serious situation in Occupied Jammu & Kashmir. It is for the first time in over 50 yrs that the world’s highest diplomatic forum has taken up this issue. There are 11 UNSC resolutions reiterating the Kashmiris right to self determination.
— Imran Khan (@ImranKhanPTI) August 17, 2019
India to ease restrictions in parts of Kashmir
Local police in the Jammu and Kashmir state said on Saturday that 17 out of 100 telephone exchanges were restored in the Kashmir Valley.
According to Al Jazeera correspondent Anchal Vohra, most of the landline telephone services in Jammu had been restored. Restrictions were tougher in Kashmir, where India’s clampdown continues to be far more constraining.
Read full story here.
Friday, August 16
How a red dot symbolised Kashmir resistance
The famous red dot that marks the story of Indian-administered Kashmir on social media came much before India scrapped the Muslim-majority region of its special status.
The decision to revoke Article 370 of India’s constitution on August 5 was preceded by a heavy military build-up in the Himalayan valley, followed by a crippling lockdown now in its 12th day, and arrests of hundreds of political leaders and activists.
Read the full story here.
Kashmir on lockdown, but Modi touts its investment potential
A few days after Jammu and Kashmir’s special status was eradicated, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi claimed that the now-abolished Article 370 of India’s constitution – the provision that had guaranteed special rights to the Muslim-majority region – had also hampered its economic development.
“There must be investment and job opportunities in Jammu and Kashmir,” Modi told CNN-News 18. “No one goes there to invest.”
Read the full story here.
Trump urges India, Pakistan to reduce tensions
US President Donald Trump told Pakistan’s Prime Minister Imran Khan that it was important India and Pakistan reduce tensions in Jammu and Kashmirthrough “bilateral dialogue,” the White House said in a statement.
White House spokesperson Hogan Gidley said the two leaders in a telephone call also discussed building the growing relationship between the United States and Pakistan, citing momentum created during their recent meeting at the White House.
India UN envoy: Kashmir decision internal matter
India’s ambassador to the United Nations criticised international interference over Kashmir, after the Security Council held its first formal meeting on the disputed region in decades.
“We don’t need international busybodies to try to tell us how to run our lives,” Syed Akbaruddin told reporters in New York, adding that India’s decision was an internal matter.
“If there are issues, they will be discussed, they will be addressed by our courts,” he said.
Read the full story here.
Pakistan UN envoy: Voice of Kashmiri people has been heard
Pakistan’s ambassador to the UN said people in Indian-administered Kashmir “are not alone”, adding that they “may be locked up … but their voices were heard today”.
Maleeha Lodhi was speaking to reporters afterthe Security Council met behind closed doors to discuss the situation in Kashmir for the first time in decades. She said that the meeting was called 72 hours after Pakistan’s Foreign Minister wrote a letter requesting it in the wake of India’s move.
“We are grateful to China in also joining us and calling this meeting,” she said.
“The voice of the Kashmiri people, the voice of the people of occupied Kashmir has been heard today in the highest diplomatic forum of the world.
“They are not alone … their plight, their hardship, their pain, their suffering, their occupation and the consequences of that occupation has been heard in the UNSC.”
Lodhi said that the very fact this meeting had taken place is “testimony to the fact that this is an internationally recognised dispute”.
Chinese UN envoy: Kashmir situation ‘very tense, very dangerous’
The Chinese ambassador to the UN said the Security Council feared that the situation in Kashmir might worsen.
Speaking to reporters after the council wrapped up the closed-door meeting in New York, Zhang Jun said the situation in Kashmir is “already very tense and very dangerous”.
He added that the members of the council generally feel India and Pakistan should both refrain from unilateral action over Kashmir.
UN Security Council meets to discuss Kashmir
The UN Security Council met behind closed doors to discuss the situation in Kashmir for the first time in decades at the request of China and Pakistan.
The UN’s most powerful body was being briefed morning by Assistant Secretary-General Oscar Fernandez-Taranco and General Carlos Humberto Loitey, the UN military adviser.
UN officials said the council session may be its first on Kashmir since the late 1990s, or possibly since the 1971 India-Pakistan war.
Russia’s deputy UN ambassador, Dmitry Polyansky, told reporters as he headed into the meeting that Moscow was concerned about the latest developments, but he said it was “a bilateral issue”.
Amnesty International Secretary-General Kumi Naidoo said in a statement that council members “need to remember that their mandate is to protect international peace and security – and they should seek to resolve the situation in a way that puts the human rights of the people in this troubled region at its centre.”
Pakistan: Khan and Trump discuss Kashmir
Prime Minister Khan, has held a telephone conversation with Trump in which the two leaders discussed the events in Kashmir.
Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi said Khan shared his concern with Trump that the situation in Kashmir posed a danger to the region.
He said the conversation was part of the prime minister’s outreach to world leaders about the developments in Kashmir.
There was no information about Trump’s comments.
Candlelight vigil voices solidarity with Kashmir
Scores of Pakistanis living in Turkey gathered outside the Pakistan Embassy in Ankara on Thursday evening for a candlelight vigil expressing their solidarity with the people of Indian-administered Jammu and Kashmir.
With candles and posters in their hands, they were joined by many Turks, who said they had come to express support for the Kashmiri population.
India says restoring phone lines in Kashmir
India will begin restoring phone lines in Kashmir on Friday evening, a top official said, after a 12-day blackout following the stripping of the region’s autonomy.
Jammu and Kashmir Chief Secretary BVR Subrahmanyam did not make clear, however, whether mobile phones and internet connections would also be reinstated in the Muslim-majority northern region.
“You will see a gradual restoration (of telephone lines) from tonight and tomorrow onwards. You will find a lot of Srinagar functioning tomorrow morning,” Subrahmanyam said, referring to the main city in the restive Kashmir Valley.
“Exchange by exchange they will be switching it on. Over the weekend you will have most of these lines functioning most probably,” he told reporters.
He said the easing would “(keep) in mind the constant threat posed by terrorist organisations in using mobile connectivity to organised terrorist actions.”
‘Expectations high’ ahead of UNSC meeting
The first special UN Security Council session on Kashmir will take place today after 54 years.
In Muzaffarabad, capital of Pakistan-administered Kashmir, Al Jazeera’s Osama Bin Javaid, said “expectations are really high” ahead of the session.
Protesters in Pakistan administered #Kashmir demand UN listen to their plight as many are worried about family members on the other side.
Kashmiris say they can only appeal to the world’s conscience as they believe there is no other solution but diplomacy pic.twitter.com/43C6w4Jgct
— Osama Bin Javaid (@osamabinjavaid) August 16, 2019
“The people are calling on the UN and the UNSC members to listen to the plight of the Kashmiris,” said Javaid.
The UNSC move is being hailed as a diplomatic victory by Pakistan, but the government was wary of any “concrete steps to be taken to stop India or roll back whats its done in Kashmir”.
Red dot symbolising Kashmiri resistance
While the Kashmir region remains locked down, Kashmiri diaspora is using social media to organise protests and mobilise opinion.
Amid the crisis, Stand With Kashmir, a grassroots advocacy group in the United States, posted a red dot on its Instagram account they had set up only months ago.
“We decided to use it [the red dot] as a campaign [to] try to at least do some kind of an initial social media organising to make people aware.”
Read more here.
Clampdown to be eased in ‘next few days’
India will lift restrictions on people’s movements and communication links in Kashmir in the next few days, the federal government told the Supreme Court on Friday.
The court was hearing a petition by a newspaper editor seeking restoration of telephone and internet services snapped this month, just before the government withdrew Kashmir’s special status, to prevent protests.
The restrictions would be lifted in the “next few days”, the government lawyer, Tushar Mehta, said. “The ground situation is being reviewed daily and the Supreme Court must trust the security agencies.”
Indian troops’ firing ‘kills another Pakistani soldier’
Pakistan’s army said Indian troops fired across the Line of Control in the disputed Kashmir region, killing another soldier and bringing the death toll to six in less than 24 hours.
Army spokesman Major General Asif Ghafoor in a tweet Friday said “another brave son of soil lost his life in the line of duty” in Buttal town.
On Thursday, Pakistan’s army said at least three of its soldiers and five Indian soldiers were killed after a cross-border exchange of fire, prompting a denial by New Delhi that there were fatalities among its forces.
Another brave son of soil laid his life in the line of duty. Sepoy Muhammad Sheeraz embraced shahadat due to Indian firing in Buttal Sector along LOC. pic.twitter.com/BAozVnsuGY
— DG ISPR (@OfficialDGISPR) August 16, 2019
Thursday, August 15
Indian troops detain Kashmiri journalist
Indian troops detained a Kashmiri reporter working for a local newspaper in an overnight raid on his house in Southern Pulwama district, his family said.
Irfan Ahmad Malik, 28, works for Greater Kashmir, the largest daily newspaper in the Kashmir valley. It was not immediately clear why he had been detained.
More than 500 local leaders and activists have been detained in the past 12 days of the crackdown.
Thousands demonstrate in London against India move
Several thousand people protested outside the Indian embassy in London against the country’s move to strip the Indian-controlled part of Kashmir of its autonomy.
Demonstration against India in front of Indian High Commission in London.#15AugustBlackDay pic.twitter.com/sQegWoyj9l
— Govt of Pakistan (@pid_gov) August 15, 2019
The protesters in the United Kingdom’s capital held up signs reading “Kashmir is bleeding” and waved Kashmiri and Pakistani flags. Police separated them from a smaller pro-India counter-demonstration.
Indian army: ‘No casualties’
An Indian army spokesperson has denied the Pakistani army’s statement that five Indian soldiers were killed in a cross-border exchange of fire in the disputed region of Kashmir.
“No casualties. This assertion is wrong,” the spokesperson was quoted as saying by Reuters news agency.
In a statement quoted by news agencies, the Indian army said that at about 7am, Pakistan violated a ceasefire between the two nations in the heavily militarised LoC.
Read the full story.
Fire across LoC ‘kills 3 Pakistani, 5 Indian troops’
At least three Pakistani soldiers and five Indian troops have been killed after an exchange of fire across the Line of Control in the disputed region of Kashmir, Pakistan’s army has said.
Major General Asif Ghafoor, the chief spokesman of the Pakistan Armed Forces, said in a Twitter post on Thursday that Indian forces had increased firing along the contested border.
Read the full story.
‘Black Day’ over Kashmir
Pakistan is observing a ‘Black Day’ to coincide with India’s independence day celebrations.
Newspaper issues carried black borders and politicians, including Prime Minister Imran Khan, replaced their social media pictures with black squares. Flags on government buildings flew at half-mast.
Nearly a 1,000 supporters of Hizbul Mujahideen rebel group marched through Muzaffarabad, capital of Pakistan-administered Kashmir, holding black flags and shouting anti-India slogans.
UN ‘likely’ to discuss Kashmir issue on Friday
The UN Security Council (UNSC) is expected to discuss the Kashmir issue on Friday, Radio Pakistan reported, citing diplomatic sources.
Pakistan’s Geo News also reported the news quoting UNSC president Joanna Wronecka as saying: “The UNSC will discuss the Jammu and Kashmir situation behind closed doors most likely on August 16.”
Modi must lift Kashmir communications blackout: Amnesty
Amnesty International has asked Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi to lift the communications blackout and engage with the people of Jammu and Kashmir.
“It is a paradox that as India celebrates its 73rd independence day today, the people of Jammu and Kashmir continue to be subjected to a lockdown for the past 10 days,” the rights group said in a statement.
Modi defends move to revoke Kashmir’s special status
Modi has defended his decision to revoke Kashmir’s special status, saying the move is to ensure the idea of “one nation, one constitution”, which he said will foster growth in the troubled region, at the 73rd-anniversary celebration of Indian independence in New Delhi.
“We don’t believe in delaying solving problems, we also don’t let problems fester,” Modi said, saying two-thirds of both houses of Indian parliament approved the plan.
Read the full story.
We do not believe in creating problems or prolonging them.
In less than 70 days of the new Government, Article 370 has become history, and in both Houses of Parliament, 2/3rd of the members supported this step.
We want to serve Jammu, Kashmir, Ladakh: PM @narendramodi
— PMO India (@PMOIndia) August 15, 2019
Wednesday, August 14
How are Kashmiris coping under lockdown?
Millions in Indian-administered Kashmir are living under curfew after the government revoked the state’s semi-autonomy.
Thousands of troops were sent to the Muslim-majority region, while telephone lines and internet connections are blocked.
Al Jazeera’s The Stream looks at what lies in store for the people of Kashmir amid the ongoing lockdown.
Watch the special episode here.
Indian activists release report after Kashmir visit
A group of Indian activists, economists, writers and members of leftist organisations presented their observations of the situation in Kashmir in the capital New Delhi on Wednesday after returning from a five-day trip to the disputed region.
Kavita Krishnan, a left-wing activist, said the situation is “absolutely not normal,” contrary to reports by several Indian news broadcasters.
Read the full story.
Pakistan protests killing of villager in Kashmir
Pakistan’s foreign ministry said it has summoned an Indian diplomat to protest the killing of a civilian by Indian fire in disputed Kashmir.
The ministry said in a statement that a 38-year-old villager was killed on Tuesday by an “unprovoked cease-fire violation by Indian troops on the Pakistani side of Kashmir.”
Restrictions in Jammu region lifted: Report
Restrictions in the Jammu region of Indian-administered Kashmir have been “completely removed”, Indian news agency PTI said, quoting a senior police official.
“Restrictions imposed in Jammu have been completely removed and schools and other establishments there are functioning. Restrictions will continue in some places of Kashmir for some time,” Additional Director General Munir Khan said, according to PTI.
India’s Kashmir move ‘strategic blunder by Modi’
India’s move of revoking Article 370 and imposing a lockdown in Kashmir is a strategic blunder by Indian PM Narendra Modi, his Pakistani counterpart Imran Khan has said while addressing legislators in Pakistan-administered Kashmir.
Khan visited Muzaffarabad on Pakistan’s independence day as he reaffirmed his support to the Kashmiri people in their struggle for self-determination amid heightened tensions with neighbouring India.
Read more here.
Kashmir leader Shah Faesal ‘arrested at New Delhi airport’
Shah Faesal, a former bureaucrat who launched a political party in Indian-administered Kashmir earlier this year, has been arrested at New Delhi airport and sent back to Srinagar, according to Indian media reports.
On Tuesday, Faesal had tweeted that Kashmir “will need a long, sustained, non-violent” movement for the restoration of the Muslim-majority region’s special status under the Indian constitution.
Kashmir will need a long, sustained, non-violent political mass movement for restoration of the political rights.
Abolition of Article 370 has finished the mainstream.
Constitutionalists are gone.
So you can either be a stooge or a separatist now.
No shades of grey.
— Shah Faesal (@shahfaesal) August 13, 2019
Imran Khan visits Pakistan-administered Kashmir
Pakistan’s Prime Minister Imran Khan has visited Pakistan-administered Kashmir as he reiterated his support to the Kashmiri people living in the Indian-administered part of the divided region.
Khan’s visit toMuzzaffarad, the capital of Pakistan-administered Kashmir, to mark the country’s independence day came more than a week afterNew Delhi’s decision to downgrade Kashmir’s status.
Read more here.
Pakistan observes ‘Kashmir Solidarity Day’
Pakistan is observing its 72nd independence day in solidarity with the people of Kashmir this year.
While addressing a flag-hoisting ceremony in the capital, Islamabad, President Arif Alvi said that Pakistan has always stood by Kashmiris and would continue to do so, local media Dawn reported.
Government has decided to observe Independence Day this year as #KashmirSolidarityDay to show Pakistan’s support and unity with the people of Indian Occupied Jammu & Kashmir for their ongoing freedom struggle.#IndependenceDayWithKashmir #StandWithKashmir pic.twitter.com/aztlExiJ4t
— Govt of Pakistan (@pid_gov) August 13, 2019
Kashmir curfew to be eased after Thursday: Governor
Restrictions on freedom of movement in Indian-administered Kashmir will be eased after India’s independence day on Thursday, the state governor said; phone lines and the internet will remain cut off.
Satya Pal Malik told the Times of India that communications would remain blocked.
“In a week or 10 days, everything will be all right and we will gradually open lines of communication,” Malik told the newspaper in an interview.
Dear Maalik ji,
I saw your feeble reply to my tweet.
I accept your invitation to visit Jammu & Kashmir and meet the people, with no conditions attached.
When can I come?
— Rahul Gandhi (@RahulGandhi) August 14, 2019
Tuesday, August 13
Amnesty condemns India court’s support for crackdown
Amnesty International India condemned a decision by India’s Supreme Court to allow New Delhi to continue a security crackdown and communications blackout in Indian-administered Kashmir.
Amnesty also urged New Delhi to ease restrictions and expressed “deep concern” over people’s right to freedom of movement, expression and opinion, as well as the detention of political leaders and activists, and “the impairment of the press to freely report on the current developments and act as a bridge for the voices from the region”.
Pakistan calls on UNSC to address India’s Kashmir move
The Pakistani government asked the UN Security Council to meet over India’s decision revoking Indian-administered Kashmir’s special status.
“Pakistan will not provoke a conflict. But India should not mistake our restraint for weakness,” Pakistan’s Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi wrote in a letter to the council seen by Reuters news agency.
It was not immediately clear how the 15-member council would respond to the request. Polish Foreign Minister Jacek Czaputowicz told reporters at the UN that the council “will discuss that issue and take a proper decision”.
Poland holds the presidency of the council for August.
Kashmir: Srinagar a maze of razor wires and steel barriers
The main city in Indian-administeredKashmir has turned into a vast maze of razor wire coils and steel barricades as drones and helicopters hover overhead.
Although the four million residents of the Kashmir Valley – where an armed conflict has simmered for decades – are used to blockades, they say the current one is something they have never seen before.
“The entire Srinagar city has been knitted in razor wire to seek our silence and obedience,” resident Zameer Ahmed told The Associated Press news agency.
Read more here.
India Supreme Court says Kashmir crackdown to continue
India’s Supreme Court, in reviewing a petition for the immediate withdrawal of severe government restrictions in Kashmir, said the security crackdown and communications blackout should continue because the government needed more time to tackle the “sensitive” situation.
Attorney General KK Venugopal said: “We are reviewing the situation and lifting restrictions step by step,” in the Supreme Court, according to legal reporting website Bar&Bench.
Kashmir security lockdown enters 9th day
An unprecedented security lockdown has kept people in Indian-administered Kashmir indoors for a ninth day, with residents running short of essentials under a near-constant curfew and communications blackout.
The lockdown is expected to last at least through Thursday, India’s independence day.
Priyanka Gandhi Vadra, Congress on #Article370: The manner in which it has been done is completely unconstitutional & it’s against all the principles of democracy, there are rules to be followed when such things are done, which were not followed. pic.twitter.com/av4RAsATNi
— ANI (@ANI) August 13, 2019
Rights activists write open letter to Modi
An open letter signed by 69 human rights activists and organisations, lawyers, journalists and academics, addressed to India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi raised concerns over the human rights violations in Indian-administered Kashmir.
The letter called on Modi to revoke the curfew, reinstate communication, release all those arbitrarily detained over the last few days, and restore the status of Jammu and Kashmir under Article 370 of India’s constitution, which granted the Muslim-majority state considerable autonomy.
Read more here.
Kashmir protests overshadow Eid festivities
Hundreds of protesters defied a security lockdown in Indian-administered Kashmir on the first day of the Eid al-Adha holiday, as they marched on the streets of capital, Srinagar.
The protests lasted for a few hours after Eid prayers, before demonstrators dispersed peacefully.
“For Muslims, there are two days which are festive and sacred, and that’s Eid … but this is not our Eid. We are just mourning in Kashmir,” a resident told Al Jazeera.
Trump’s Kashmir mediation offer ‘not on table anymore’: Report
US President Donald Trump’s offer of mediation on the Kashmir issue between India and Pakistan is “not on the table anymore,” Indian media reports quoting India’s ambassador to the United States said.
“President Trump has made it very clear that his offer to mediate on Jammu and Kashmir is dependent on both India and Pakistan accepting it. Since India has not accepted the offer of mediation, he has made it clear that this is not on the table anymore,” Harsh VardhanShringla told a US-based news channel.
India calls the part of Kashmir it administers its “internal affair” and rejects any mediation, while Pakistan, which also claims the Himalayan region in full, wants world powers to resolve the issue.
Monday, August 12
Priyanka Chopra accused of ‘encouraging nuclear war’
Indian actress Priyanka Chopra has been branded a hypocrite over a tweet she posted in February amid escalating tensions between neighbours India and Pakistan.
The incident, which was widely shared online, took place during a cosmetics event on Saturday in the US city of Los Angeles when audience member Ayesha Malik accusedChopra of “encouraging nuclear war against Pakistan”.
“You are a UNICEF ambassador for peace, and you’re encouraging nuclear war against Pakistan.”
Indian actress Priyanka Chopra was confronted by a Pakistani-American woman, who called her a “hypocrite” over her pro-army tweet. pic.twitter.com/uJwqVJALes
— Al Jazeera English (@AJEnglish) August 13, 2019
Read more here.
Kashmiris fear escalating tension
People living in the disputed region of Kashmire have said they are afraid of escalating tension.
The disputed region is one of the world’s most dangerous flashpoints between nuclear-armed rivals, Pakistan and India.
Al Jazeera’s Osama Bin Javaid reports from the line of control in Pakistan-administered Kashmir.
HRW: Kashmir lockdown not a sustainable solution
US-based group Human Rights Watch (HRW) has expressed concern over the continued lockdown and communications blackout in Indian-administered Kashmir.
“There has to be a rights respecting-approach to handle the situation in Kashmir, where people are able to speak to their loved ones, have access to communication, essential supplies and hospitals, but we are seeing none of that,” Meenakshi Ganguly, HRW’s South Asia director, told Al Jazeera from Mumbai.
“This is not a sustainable solution. If the Indian government has decided to impose restrictions … they should ensure the Kashmiris are able to live their lives normally,” she added.
Activists in India mark Eid in solidarity with Kashmir
Almost 300 Kashmiris and activists gathered in India’s capital, New Delhi, to mark the Eid al-Adha celebration as Indian-administered Kashmir remains under lockdown for a week.
“I am here to express my solidarity with the people of Kashmir who have not been able to go home and are not able to talk to their parents because there is a total clampdown on communication,” said activist Shabnam Hashmi. “We are not celebrating Eid today.”
Pakistanis dedicate Eid prayers to Kashmir
The Pakistani government has called for the Eid al-Adha celebration to be observed in a “simple manner” this year, to express solidarity with Kashmiris living on the Indian side of the divided region.
Pakistan’s Minister of Foreign Affairs Shah Mahmood Qureshi travelled to Muzaffarabad, the capital of Pakistan-administered Kashmir, to offer Eid prayers at a mosque there.
In the southern city of Karachi, prayers were dedicated to Kashmiris in India. “We are together with our Kashmiri brothers,” said resident Mohammad Adnan.
“We share their pain and grief. Today, special prayers were offered for them inside the mosque.”
Amid ‘Eid siege’, Kashmiris try to reach loved ones
On the lawn of the district commissioner’s office in Srinagar, the main city of Indian-administered Kashmir, residents circle a table, hoping their turn will come soon.
With phone and internet usage cut off during a week-long lockdown imposed by the Indian government, authorities are allowing locals to use a mobile phone to briefly speak to their loved ones outside the Muslim-majority state.
Read more here.
India imposes tighter curbs to prevent Eid protests
Indian troops imposed tight restrictions on mosques across Kashmir for the Eid al-Adha celebration, fearing anti-government protests over the stripping of the Muslim-majority region’s autonomy, according to residents.
The Himalayan region’s biggest mosque, the Jama Masjid, was ordered to be closed and people were only allowed to pray in smaller local mosques so that no big crowds could gather, witnesses said.
All phone lines and the internet remained cut off for an eighth day on Monday.
India wants Davis Cup tie moved from Pakistan
India has asked the International Tennis Federation to move their upcoming Davis Cup tie from Pakistan to a neutral venue due to escalating political tensions between the two nations.
The Indian team is scheduled to be in Pakistan’s capital, Islamabad, for the Asia/Oceania zone Group I tie to be held on September 14 and 15.
“We have asked ITF for a neutral venue because the situation is a bit unpredictable,” All India Tennis Association (AITA) president Praveen Mahajan told AFP on Sunday.
“I believe it is a reasonable request because of the current state of affairs.”
Wife of Kashmir leader appeals for UN intervention
Mushaal Hussein Mullick, the wife of Yasin Malik, a leading Kashmiri rebel leader held by India, has appealed to the world to “wake up” and intervene as the situation in the disputed territory remains tense.
Mullick told British broadcaster Sky News that “time is running short”, and that her husband’s “only hope is that the world will come forward”.
Yasin Malik used to head pro-independence group the Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF), which was banned in March as part of India’s crackdown on separatist groups.
Malik was arrested a month later and is being held at Tihar prison in New Delhi. “He is so weak and doctors … they’ve all said that he’s going to die like this,” his wife said.
Sunday, August 11
Pakistan’s foreign minister attacks India over Kashmir move
Pakistan’s foreign minister has strongly criticised the Indian government for its revocation of Kashmir’s autonomous status.
In an exclusive interview with Al Jazeera in Muzaffarabad,Qureshi said: “Pakistan is watching the situation carefully, and so is the world.”
“We are concerned about the genocide that we feel can take place, or perhaps is taking place right now, because we have no idea what’s going on in the Indian-occupied Kashmir right now,” he argued.
“When they lifted the curfew for a few hours we saw thousands of people protesting in the streets, so it’s an evolving situation.”
Watch the interview at the video below.
India’s Kashmir move ‘inspired by Nazi ideology’: Khan
Pakistan’s Prime Minister Imran Khan has said India’s decision to scrap the special status of Kashmir was inspired by the “Nazi ideology”.
“The curfew, crackdown and impending genocide of Kashmiris in IOK [India-Occupied Kashmir as Islamabad refers to Indian-administered Kashmir] is unfolding exactly [according] to RSS ideology inspired by Nazi ideology,” Khan tweeted.
Pakistan has downgraded its diplomatic relations and suspended bilateral trade over New Delhi’s decision to revoke Article 370 of the Indian constitution and divide the Muslim-majority state into two “union territories”.
I am afraid this RSS ideology of Hindu Supremacy, like the Nazi Aryan Supremacy, will not stop in IOK; instead it will lead to suppression of Muslims in India & eventually lead to targeting of Pakistan. The Hindu Supremacists version of Hitler’s Lebensraum.
— Imran Khan (@ImranKhanPTI) August 11, 2019
India eases restrictions for Eid al-Adha celebration
Authorities in Indian-administered Kashmir said they have eased restrictions in most parts of the main city of Srinagar ahead of the Islamic celebration of Eid al-Adha.
In a tweet, local magistrate Shahid Choudhary said more than 250 ATMs have been made functional and bank branches opened for people to withdraw money before the celebration.
There was no immediate independent confirmation of reports by authorities that people were visiting shopping areas for Eid purchases as all communications and the internet remain cut off for a seventh day.
Opinion: Kashmiri Pandits must reimagine idea of return
The dream of Kashmiri Pandits’ return to their homeland in the Kashmir Valley has surfaced once again with the Indian government’s stealthy abrogation on August 5 of Article 370, the constitutional provision that has secured the autonomous status of Jammu and Kashmir state since India’s independence in 1947.
With the associated revocation of Article 35 A, which had allowed the state to define permanent residency, the doors were effectively thrown open for all Indians to buy land in Kashmir.
Across news coverage, after the decision was made, many Kashmiri Pandits – native Brahmin Hindus of the Kashmir Valley – who had left their homes in Kashmir in the 1990s, were seen celebrating. They were hopeful that they could now return “on their own terms”.
Read more here.
Saturday, August 10
With China’s support, Pakistan to go to Security Council
China has pledged its “full support” for Islamabad’s plan to take up India’s actions in Kashmir at the United Nations Security Council, according to Pakistan’s foreign minister.
“I have shared with China that the Pakistan government has decided to take this issue to UN Security Council. We will be needing China’s help there,” Shah Mahmood Qureshi told a news conference in Beijing.
“China has assured full support to Pakistan,” he added.
Qureshi said he planned to approach Indonesia and Poland, both non-permanent members of the 15-strong Security Council, for their support.
Iran urges India, Pakistan to avoid ‘hasty’ Kashmir decision
The chief of staff of Iran’s armed forces cautioned Pakistan and India to avoid any “hasty decisions” in Kashmir, the semi-official Fars news agency reported.
“The parties are expected to refrain from any hasty decision on the fate of the [Kashmir] region, without regards to the people’s will,” Major General Mohammad Baqeri was quoted by Fars.
Baqeri made the remark during a telephone call with Pakistan’s army chief.
Kashmir capital readies for Eid after protest broken up
Big queues formed in Indian-administered Kashmir’s main city on Saturday outside cash machines and food stores as authorities eased a crippling curfew to let the Muslim-majority region prepare for the Eid al-Adha celebration.
But huge numbers of troops remained on the streets a day after security forces used tear gas to break up a demonstration by about 8,000 people against the government’s move to revoke Kashmir’s autonomy, they added.
Read the detailed report here.
Pakistan cuts last remaining transport link to India over Kashmir dispute
Pakistan said on Saturday it had cancelled a bus linking Lahore with India’s capital New Delhi, the last remaining public transport link between the neighbours.
Islamabad reacted with fury this week after India revoked the special status for the portion of Kashmir that it controls, calling the action illegal, a claim New Delhi denies.
Pakistan has already cut two rail links, suspended bilateral trade and expelled India’s ambassador, all part of what it called a diplomatic effort to protest against the decision.
The service, known as the “friendship bus”, has long been seen as a symbolic link between the two countries. Launched in 1999, it has run almost continuously since, including throughout the last crisis between the two countries in February.
Kashmir party challenges gov’t move in Supreme Court
The National Conference (NC), one of the main pro-India political parties in Indian-administered Kashmir, has moved the Supreme Court over the government’s decision to revoke the region’s special status, Indian media reports said.
A petition filed by two NC leaders has challenged the Hindu nationalist government abrogating Article 370 of the Indian constitution, which granted the Muslim-majority state its special status.
Their plea has also challenged the decision to divide the state into two “union territories”, the reports said, adding that the party considered the two moves “illegal”.
NC leader Omar Abdullah has been under arrest since the Kashmir clampdown began on Monday, along with rival Mehbooba Mufti and hundreds of other leaders and activists. Abdullah and Mufti are former chief ministers of the Jammu and Kashmir state.
‘Want Muslim world to come forward for Kashmir’
Kashmiri activist and sportswoman Fatima Anwar has called on Turkey and Muslim-majority countries to play an active role in resolving the current crisis in Indian-administered Kashmir.
“The people of Kashmir want the Muslim world to come forward and play their role to get this core issue resolved,” Anwar said in an open letter to various heads of states on Twitter.
“We want to use our right of self-determination, and most importantly, we need our basic right to live,” she wrote. “We will never allow India to make Jammu and Kashmir another Palestine.”
Cutoff: Postcard to Kashmir
A postcard to phones in Kashmir which do not ring#Kashmir #Democracy #KashmirBleeds pic.twitter.com/yNx4g6Dss4
— T M Krishna (@tmkrishna) August 7, 2019
Friday, August 9
Status change will allow Indians to marry ‘girls from Kashmir’
A politician from India’s ruling party has welcomed the stripping of special rights from Kashmir, saying it clears the way for Indians from outside the territory to marry women from there, according to the ANI news agency.
Manohar Lal Khattar, who is also the chief minister of Haryana state, was quoted as saying: “Our minister OP Dhankar [cabinet minister] used to say he will bring daughters in law from Bihar [state]. Nowadays people are saying that path to Kashmir has been cleared. Now we will bring girls from Kashmir.”
Under Kashmir’s previous status, residents of Jammu and Kashmir had exclusive rights to property and state government jobs, among other privileges, though women marrying non-residents stood to lose those benefits.
China ‘seriously concerned’ about escalating Kashmir tensions
China’s Foreign Minister Wang Yi told his Pakistani counterpart that Beijing was “seriously concerned about the turbulence and escalating tensions” in Kashmir, according to a statement.
Wang, who met Shah Mahmood Qureshi for hastily arranged talks, said China “will continue to firmly support the Pakistan side in safeguarding its legitimate rights,” the statement said.
China, which also controls a section of Kashmir, said the issue should be resolved at the United Nations.
Qureshi released a video statement after the meeting in which he added: “I am very pleased that China once again proved today that it is Pakistan’s reliable friend”.
India’s Foreign Minister Subrahmanyam Jaishankar is to visit Beijing from Sunday for talks with Wang.
Indian troops fire tear gas to disperse Srinagar protesters
Security forces in Srinagar have fired tear gas and shot in the air to disperse thousands of people demonstrating against India’s stripping of the region’s autonomy, local sources have told Al Jazeera.
The protests in the main city of Indian-administered Kashmir took place after Friday prayers, Al Jazeera’s Priyanka Gupta said, reporting from the Indian capital, New Delhi.
“Despite the unprecedented security lockdown, thousands of people demonstrated in Srinagar and were met with live fire, tear gas and rubber-coated steel bullets,” she said, citing sources in the city.
The protest was the “largest of its kind” since the Indian government’s move on Monday. Read the detailed report here.
Ban on public gatherings lifted in Jammu, schools to reopen
The magistrate for Jammu district in Indian-administered Kashmir said all schools in the Hindu-majority area “may resume their functioning” from Saturday onwards.
The statement by Sushma Chauhan also lifted a ban on gatherings of more than four people in the district.
Friday prayers held in Kashmir amid tight security
Local media posted videos and photos from Indian-administered Kashmir showing dozens of people walking on the streets of Srinagar for the first time this week to offer prayers at mosques guarded by police.
The main Jama Masjid mosque in Srinagar’s old quarter was closed, however, with policemen in riot gear posted every few metres around the building. One officer said he faced regular attacks from young people throwing stones.
“Every time we have embraced India, they have cut our throats,” read a handwritten poster at another mosque, which also urged Kashmiris not to sell land and to hold protests after Eid prayers on Monday.
Jammu and Kashmir: Locals arrive at a mosque in Doda to offer Friday prayers. pic.twitter.com/kcgi4zN3p1
— ANI (@ANI) August 9, 2019
#WATCH Jammu and Kashmir: Locals arrive at a mosque in Srinagar to offer Friday prayers. pic.twitter.com/HRzWkULtfY
— ANI (@ANI) August 9, 2019
Pellet gun attack victims fighting for their lives
Witness reports emerged of Indian troops using excessive force on protesters in Indian-administered Kashmir, causing life-threatening injuries.
“The government will deny these injuries as there is no proper reporting or documentation of these incidents. We won’t be able to know about most of the casualties.”
Read the detailed report here.
Thar Express shut down by Pakistan
Pakistan said it will halt the last train service running to India.
“We have decided to shut down the Thar Express as well,” Pakistan’s Federal Minister for Railways Sheikh Rasheed told reporters.
On Thursday, Pakistan suspended the Samjhauta Express, its main train service to India, and banned Indian films.
Protests expected in Pakistan, Srinagar
Authorities in Pakistan and Srinagar in Indian-administered Kashmir are bracing for protests on Friday.
Al Jazeera’s Kamal Hyder, reporting from Islamabad, said two protests were scheduled in the Pakistani capital after Friday prayers.
“Organisers of one protest have threatened to march to the Indian High Commission which is located in Islamabad’s red zone,” he said.
Priyanka Gupta, reporting for Al Jazeera from New Delhi, said the government was monitoring the situation in Kashmir very closely.
“The Friday prayers took place under heavy security. There have been sporadic clashes in the last four days but we’re expecting more protests happening later on Friday,” she said.
Demonstrations against India’s move in Kashmir have been taking place around the world.
@BJI_Official Protests On #Kashmir issue. #Chittagong#Bangladesh#KashmirWantsFreedom #KashmirUnderThreat #EndKashmirBlockade @OIC_OCI pic.twitter.com/PMylvbryWa
— atikul islam liman (@atikul_liman) August 9, 2019
Great to join fellow Kashmiris here in Manchester yesterday to protest against the revocation of #Article370 by India. We need to ensure that the people in Kashmir are able to live freely, and be given back their rights! #StandwithKashmir pic.twitter.com/36nvKoiGKW
— Afzal Khan MP (@Afzal4Gorton) August 9, 2019
Thousands flee border villages along LoC
Thousands of villagers living along the heavily militarised Line of Control (LoC) dividing Pakistan- and Indian-administered Kashmir have migrated to safer places fearing artillery fire exchanges across the border.
“There is fear in the area and residents are preparing to leave their homes if a cross-border exchange of fire takes place. The LoC is just three kilometres from where we are,” Muhammad Mukhtar, a 38-year-old vet, told Al Jazeera.
Read more here.
Curfew to be eased for Friday prayers
The strict curfew in Kashmir that has entered a fifth day was eased for Friday prayers, according to the police chief.
“People will be allowed to go to the area-specific mosques for the prayers in most parts of the Srinagar city,” the region’s police chief, Dilbagh Singh, told The Associated Press.
The relaxing of the curfew was temporary but a precise timeframe was not given.
Pakistan FM visiting ‘trusted friend’ China over Kashmir
Pakistan’s Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi is visiting China as part of efforts to pressure India to reverse its decision to revoke the special status of the disputed region of Kashmir.
Shah Mahmood Qureshi will meet with Chinese leaders on Friday. Before leaving for Beijing, Qureshi said he will apprise Islamabad’s “trusted friend” about the situation.
Pakistan says it is considering a proposal to approach the International Court of Justice over India’s action.
Kashmir’s streets silent as people’s despair and rage grow
Silence cloaked the centre of Srinagar on Friday, its once-teeming streets blocked with spools of concertina wire. Every road was sealed off. The population forced to remain indoors while thousands of Indian soldiers in camouflage were on patrol, carrying guns at their waists.
Friday marked the fourth day since the main city in Indian-administered Kashmir was under siege.
Muslim worshippers were expected to attend Friday prayers at mosques across the region later on Friday.
Thursday, August 8
UN urges ‘maximum restraint’ amid Kashmir row
Antonio Guterres, the secretary-general of the UN, has appealed for “maximum restraint” as tensions escalate between India and Pakistan over New Delhi’s move on Kashmir.
Recalling the 1972 Simla Agreement, in which New Delhi and Islamabad committed to bilateral negotiations to resolve their dispute over Kashmir, Guterres called on “all parties to refrain from taking steps that could affect” the region’s status.
In his statement, Guterres also expressed concern over reports of “restrictions on the Indian-side of Kashmir”, saying they could exacerbate the human rights situation in the region.
Some government offices and schools to reopen in Kashmir
India’s ANI news agency said Indian-administered Kashmir’s top civil servant has ordered government employees “who are working at divisional level, district level and those serving in civil secretariat, to report back to their duties with immediate effect”.
All schools in the southern district of Samba will also reopen on Friday, the agency said, citing an official statement.
J&K Government: It is further intimated that necessary arrangements regarding smooth and secure working environment for the employees have been made by the administration. https://t.co/DmurPKjb6T
— ANI (@ANI) August 8, 2019
Modi says ‘new era’ has begun in Kashmir
India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi has pledged a “new era” of economic growth in Kashmir following his government’s decision to strip the territory of its special rights.
But in his first address to the nation since the move, Modi did not address the four-day-long security lockdown or communications blackout in the region.
He described Article 370 as an “obstacle” to the region’s development and said the decision to abolish the provision will free Kashmir from “terrorism and separatism”.
The move will also create new jobs and sports opportunities for Kashmir’s youth, Modi said, also pledging to develop the region’s film and herbal medicine industries.
Analysis: ‘Widespread support’ in India for BJP’s Kashmir move
Shruti Kapila, lecturer in history at the Cambridge University in the UK, said there was “widespread popular support” in India for the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party’s (BJP) decision to scrap disputed Kashmir’s special status.
The move was a key campaign pledge of the BJP, which registered a landslide victory in the general election in April- May, she noted. “This mandate was sought on the back of national security after the Pulwama attack in mid-February,” she said, referring to a suicide attack that killed at least 40 Indian soldiers in Indian-administered Kashmir.
“Both in the upper and lower houses of parliament, there was very little in the nature of resistance .. by and large, there has been cross-party consensus, even by smaller regional parties who may feel threatened by such a precedent which strengthens the hands of central powers in India,” she said from New Delhi.
“Secondly, I also think the trigger point is also the moving away of the United States from this region … There is no real international multilateral body to which this can be addressed to,” she added.
Pakistan to ban Indian films over Kashmir tension
Pakistan has said it would ban the screening of Indian films in the country’s cinemas, as tensions between the two countries rise over the contested Kashmir region.
“No Indian cinema will be screened in any Pakistani cinema. Drama, films and Indian content of this kind will be completely banned in Pakistan,” Firdous Ashiq Awan, an adviser to Pakistan’s Prime Minister Imran Khan, said in a tweet.
Pakistan suspends train service to India
Pakistan has said it would suspend a rail service linking it to India, as relations with its arch-rival continue to sour over the contested Kashmir region.
“We have decided to shut down Samjhauta Express,” Minister of Railways Sheikh Rasheed said, referring to the train running to India’s capital New Delhi from the Pakistani city of Lahore.
“As long as I am [the] railways minister, Samjhauta Express can’t operate.”
Kashmir an ‘internal affair’, India tells Pakistan
India has hit back at Pakistan’s downgrading of diplomatic ties over its clampdown on Kashmir, saying its decision to strip the restive region of its autonomy was an “internal affair”.
“The recent developments pertaining to Article 370 are entirely the internal affair of India,” the Ministry of External Affairs said in a statement.
“Seeking to interfere in that jurisdiction by invoking an alarmist vision of the region will never succeed.”
No phone calls, no groceries: Kashmir on edge under lockdown
The unprecedented security lockdown amid a near-total communications blackout has entered a fourth day in Indian-administered Kashmir, with tens of thousands of forces in riot gear patrolling the region.
Streets lined with shuttered shops were deserted while steel barricades and razor wire cut off neighbourhoods, AP news agency said. Shopping malls, grocery stores and even clinics were closed.
Due to the communication blackout – with landlines, mobile phones and internet all down – people can’t call one another or speak to friends and relatives outside the region.
Activist files petition challenging Kashmir clampdown
An opposition activist has filed a petition in India’s Supreme Court challenging the communications blackout and security clampdown in Indian-administered Kashmir, where people remained holed up in their homes for a fourth day.
Petition filed in SC by Tehseen Poonawalla seeking withdrawal of curfew, blocking of phone lines, internet, news channels & other restrictions from #JammuAndKashmir. The plea also seeks “immediate release of political leaders from illegal custody”. Plea will be mentioned today pic.twitter.com/NJ8UhfYB4C
— ANI (@ANI) August 8, 2019
The plea also sought “immediate release” of political leaders under custody, including two former Jammu and Kashmir chief ministers.
State-run All India Radio said security agencies have arrested more than 500 people in the disputed region apparently to prevent any outbreak of violence.
India’s splitting of Kashmir opposed in border city of Kargil
India’s move to carve out Ladakh from the state of Jammu and Kashmir to make it a “union territory” has been met with protests in Kargil, a Muslim-majority border city in Ladakh that identifies culturally with Kashmir.
Kargil’s religious and political organisations released a statement, condemning the Indian government for acting “without the consent from the people”. The groups called for a shutdown on Tuesday.
Kargil’s Imam Khomeini Memorial Trust, an influential religious group in the region, supported the protest.
Kashmir has a violent past that pre-dates the partition of India and Pakistan. The Kashmir conflict — explained. pic.twitter.com/KxfQKZZBhB
— Al Jazeera English (@AJEnglish) February 27, 2019
Wednesday, August 7
US supports direct dialogue between Pakistan, India on Kashmir
The US on Wednesday said it supports direct dialogue between India and Pakistan on the disputed Kashmir region and called for calm and restraint as the dispute escalated.
“We continue to support direct dialogue between India and Pakistan on Kashmir and other issues of concern,” a US State Department spokeswoman said in a statement.
Kashmiris anxious over food, cash shortages
Residents of Indian-administered Kashmir’s main city, Srinagar, have expressed concern over food and currency shortages because of the continuing security lockdown.
Muneer Ahmad, who owns a shop at the Jahangir Chowk, said he was running out of essential goods.
“Whatever old stock we had we sold that and now we are running out of stock like milk, flour, and the way security has been placed on roads,” he said. “This seems to be a long curfew where people will starve.”
Most ATMs in the city were also not working, residents said.
India ‘did not consult US’ over Kashmir move
The US has denied media reports that New Delhi had consulted Washington before revoking Kashmir’s special status.
Alice Wells, acting assistant secretary at the Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs, said in a Twitter post: “Contrary to press reporting, the Indian government did not consult or inform the US government before moving to revoke Jammu and Kashmir’s special constitutional status.”
Contrary to press reporting, the Indian government did not consult or inform the US Government before moving to revoke Jammu and Kashmir’s special constitutional status. – AGW
— State_SCA (@State_SCA) August 7, 2019
UK expresses concern to India over Kashmir
Britain’s Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab said he had expressed concern to his Indian counterpart about the situation in the disputed Kashmir region.
“I have spoken to the Indian foreign minister,” Raab said. “We’ve expressed some of our concerns around the situation and called for calm, but also had a clear readout of the situation from the perspective of the Indian government.”
Pakistan to expel Indian ambassador
Shah Mahmood Qureshi, Pakistan’s foreign minister, said Islamabad would expel India’s ambassador Ajay Bisaria.
Moin-ul-Haq, Pakistan’s newly-appointed ambassador to India, had yet to take up his post but will now not move to New Delhi, Qureshi added in televised comments.
Pakistan to downgrade ties with India over Kashmir move
Pakistan said it will “downgrade” diplomatic relations and suspend bilateral trade with India after New Delhi stripped its portion of the contested Kashmir region of special status.
The move follows a meeting of Pakistan’s National Security Committee, led by Prime Minister Imran Khan, according to an official statement posted on Twitter.
1-Downgrading of diplomatic relations with India.
2-Suspension of bilateral trade with India.
3-Review of bilateral arrangements.
4-Matter to be taken to UN, including the Security Council.
5-14th of August to be observed in solidarity with brave
Kashmiris. #StandwithKashmir pic.twitter.com/v06GmMc5lG
— Govt of Pakistan (@pid_gov) August 7, 2019
Protesting India’s “unilateral” and “illegal” actions in Kashmir, Islamabad said it would also raise the issue with the United Nations Security Council.
Khan also directed Pakistan’s armed forces to “continue vigilance”.
Protester dies, scores arrested in Kashmir lockdown
A protester died after being chased by police and more than 100 people were arrested during a curfew in Kashmir’s main city after the restive region’s autonomy was scrapped by India, officials told AFP news agency.
Despite a paralysing curfew imposed to head off unrest, sporadic protests have been reported by residents in the main city, Srinagar. A police official, speaking on condition of anonymity, told AFP that in one incident a youth being chased by police “jumped into the Jhelum River and died”.
A source told AFP that at least six people had been admitted to hospital in Srinagar with gunshot wounds and other injuries from protests.
Workers leave Kashmir valley after lockdown
Thousands of workers from north Indian states have left Indian-administered Kashmir over the last three days following an unprecedented lockdown of the Himalayan valley.
Kashmir journalists struggle to tell their stories
Restrictions on movement and a communications blackout for a third day in Indian-administered Kashmir have frustrated the region’s journalists.
Most English and Urdu language newspapers based in the main city of Srinagar have not published their editions since Monday.
“I tried to take some photos and videos, but the deployed forces stopped me. They asked me to shut my camera,” a news reporter told Al Jazeera.
Read more here.
Activists arrested, journalists fear for safety
Many activists were arrested in Indian-administered Kashmir, sources told Al Jazeera from Srinagar.
Journalists already struggling to get information about the disputed region out because of a communications blackout, said they fear for their safety.
One reporter told Al Jazeera on the condition of anonymity that his name was on a list of people who were to be arrested.
Sporadic protests in Srinagar amid lockdown
Knots of young protesters threw stones at soldiers, police and a witness said, amid anger over the telecommunications clampdown that began on Sunday.
Streets in the region’s main city of Srinagar were deserted for a third day, with almost all shops shut, barring some chemists.
Armed federal police manned mobile checkpoints across the city, limiting people’s movement.
“These [protests] are mostly localised because of the heavy troop deployment,” a police officer who sought anonymity because he was not authorised to speak to the media, told Reuters news agency, adding that police used tear gas and pepper spray to scatter the protesters.
Kashmiris mourn loss of autonomy
Residents of Srinagar in Indian-administered Kashmir lamented India’s decision to scrap the region’s special status but promised to resist the move.
Al Jazeera spoke with almost a dozen locals who said they feared demographic changes would now be inevitable in the Muslim-majority region.
Ghulam Mohammad Mir, a 42-year-old ambulance driver said: “Our honour has been sacrificed. When I heard about the abrogation of the terms of accession I felt like I have lost a part of my body. Kashmir is not going to remain the same area.”
Read more here.
What are Articles 370 and 35A?
Article 370 was the basis of Jammu and Kashmir’s accession to the Indian union at a time when erstwhile princely states had the choice to join either India or Pakistan after their independence from British rule in 1947.
Article 35A was introduced through a presidential order in 1954 to continue the old provisions of the territory regulations under Article 370 of the Indian constitution.
Read our explainer.
UN ‘deeply concerned’ over Kashmir curfew
The UN has expressed concern over the significant security lockdown, telecommunication restrictions and the arbitrary detention of political leaders in Indian-administered Kashmir.
“What we are witnessing now in Indian-administered Kashmir takes what was already a bit of a pattern to a new level,” said UN human rights spokesman Rupert Colville at a press briefing in Geneva.
“We are deeply concerned that the latest restrictions will exacerbate the human rights situation in the region,” he added.
Redrawn map will transform Kashmir: Experts
The Indian government’s decision to split the state of Jammu and Kashmir into two union territories will lead to a major transformation of the socioeconomic landscape in the Muslim-majority Himalayan region, according to critics and experts.
“The decision (to split the region) will reduce Kashmir to a colony,” A G Noorani, a constitutional expert, told the Associated Press news agency.
“It will divide Kashmir from the rest of the country and Kashmiris will oppose the Hindu feeling in the region,” he said.
Dibyesh Anand, a social scientist at the University of Westminster, said: “The fear of settler colonialism is not a spectre but a reality, given the approach of both the government and a large number of Indians.”
Tuesday, August 6:
EU urges India, Pakistan to avoid escalation
The European Union said that it was closely monitoring the situation and called for the avoidance of escalation of tensions in the region.
“Our main message here is that it is very important to avoid any escalation of tension in Kashmir and in the region,” Carlos Martin Ruiz de Gordejuela, an EU spokesman for foreign affairs, told a news conference.
He noted that the issue has legal and political dimensions.
Turkey seeks to reduce tension
Turkey is closely following the “worrying” developments, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said.
Erdogan’s remarks came at Turkey’s 11th Ambassadors’ Conference in Ankara, where Turkish diplomats and foreign mission officials gather annually to discuss foreign policy.
Erdogan said he had a “fruitful” phone conversation with Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan and that Ankara would get in touch with India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi in hopes to reduce tension mounting in the region.
Organisation of Islamic Cooperation expresses concern
The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) Contact Group on Jammu and Kashmir has expressed “deep concern” over the recent developments.
In a statement at an emergency meeting held in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, the secretary-general, Yousef bin Ahmed al-Othaimeen, reaffirmed the OIC’s “support to the people of Jammu and Kashmir in their just struggle to achieve their legitimate rights, in particular the right to self-determination”.
Pakistani Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi said that Indian steps which “interfere with the demography of Indian-administered Kashmir and the disputed status are a grave, destabilising threat to the already volatile situation in South Asia and would have serious implications”.
The Contact Group condemned India’s “illegal and unilateral” steps and urged New Delhi to allow access to its Independent Permanent Human Rights Commission (IPHRC) and other international rights bodies to Indian-administered Kashmir in order to “independently verify the gross and blatant human rights violations”.
Modi says a ‘new dawn’ awaits Kashmir
Indian Prime Minister Modi described the passage of the legislation as a “momentous occasion” in a parliamentary democracy.
In a series of tweets, Modi said: “I salute my sisters and brothers of Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh for their courage and resilience. For years, vested interest groups who believed in emotional blackmail never cared for people’s empowerment. J&K is now free from their shackles. A new dawn, better tomorrow awaits!”
Modi also said his government had fulfilled a long-standing demand of the people of Ladakh, Kashmir’s mostly Buddhist region, to be declared a territory of India’s union.
“Special congratulations to the people of Ladakh!,” Modi tweeted.
“This decision will give impetus to the overall prosperity of the region and ensure better developmental facilities.”
India tells China Kashmir is ‘internal matter’
India warned China that Ladakh’s new designation as a “union territory” is an “internal matter” after Beijing slammed India’s “unilateral” decision.
“India does not comment on the internal affairs of other countries and similarly expects other countries to do likewise,” Indian foreign ministry spokesman Raveesh Kumar said.
China: India’s move undermines our sovereignty
China expressed serious concern and called for maintaining the status quo in the disputed region.
“[India and Pakistan] should refrain from taking actions that will unilaterally change the status quo and escalate tensions,” said Chinese foreign ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying.
“We call on both India and Pakistan to peacefully resolve the relevant disputes through dialogue and consultation and safeguard peace and stability in the region,” Hua said.
The Kashmir issue “is an issue left from the past between India and Pakistan,” she said. “The relevant sides need to exercise restraint and act prudently.”
Beijing also criticised India’s “unilateral” decision to turn Kashmir’s mostly Buddhist region of Ladakh into an administrative territory directly ruled by New Delhi.
“China is always opposed to India’s inclusion of the Chinese territory in the western sector of the China-India boundary into its administrative jurisdiction,” Hua said.
“Recently India has continued to undermine China’s territorial sovereignty by unilaterally changing its domestic law. Such practice is unacceptable and will not come into force.”
India says China is illegally occupying 38,000sq km of its northwestern territory, while Beijing claims a 90,000sq km chunk of Arunachal Pradesh state in northeast India.
India’s parliament approves resolution revoking Kashmir of its status
India’s parliament approved a resolution revoking Kashmir’s special status and cleared a bill to split the disputed state.
The resolution, backing Monday’s decree to abolish Article 370 of the Indian constitution, was adopted by the lower house of parliament.
The “Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Bill” that splits the state into two territories directly governed by New Delhi was passed by 370 parliamentarians voting for the legislation, and 70 against.
The two crucial motions have now been ratified by both the houses of parliament – with the upper house approving the measures on Monday.
“Together we are, together we shall rise and together we will fulfill the dreams of 130 crore [1.3 billion] Indians,” Modi tweeted after parliament approved the move.
Khan calls for international intervention
Pakistani Prime Minister Khan said his government would challenge the Indian move to change the constitutional status of Indian-administered Kashmir at the UN Security Council, urging the international community to intervene in the crisis or risk regional destabilisation.
“We will raise this at every level, at the United Nations Security Council,” said Khan, addressing a joint session of Pakistan’s parliament in the capital, Islamabad.
“We are thinking of how we can go to the [International Court of Justice] through the UN Security Council … we will raise this issue at every forum.”
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Pakistan army will ‘go to any extent’ to support Kashmir
Pakistan’s army chief said the country’s military will “go to any extent” to support people in the contested region after India’s move,
“Pakistan army firmly stands by the Kashmiris in their just struggle to the very end,” General Qamar Javed Bajwa said following a meeting with top commanders in Rawalpindi.
“We are prepared and shall go to any extent to fulfil our obligations in this regard,” he added, without elaborating further.
India’s lower house debates bill to split Kashmir
The lower house of India’s parliament was set to ratify the bill downgrading the governance of the Indian-administered portion of Kashmir.
Members of the Lok Sabha were debating the “Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Bill” a day after the legislation was introduced alongside the presidential decree revoking Article 370.
The bill downgrades the region from a state into two federally administered union territories: Jammu and Kashmir as well as Ladakh. Jammu and Kashmir would still have its own legislature, while Ladakh would not.
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Kashmir on edge as India tightens grip on disputed region
A communications blackout and a security lockdown in Indian-administered Kashmir prompted anger and fear among residents.
Sheikh Mushtaq, 55, said he has lost contact with his daughter who was forced to leave her university in southern Jammu on Monday because of the lockdown. “We are helpless,” he said.
The security measures have also hit businesses hard before the Muslim celebration of Eid al-Adha.
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SOURCE: Al Jazeera and news agencies